Human rights, Justice, and Law
Human Rights, Justice, and law are all interconnected terms. Human rights are the basic rights that can be obtained by proper laws and the justice system. Human rights activists can struggle to bring laws that provide social justice to the people. Let’s have a look at all these three terms:
Human rights are the basic rights and freedom that they belong to since by birth until their death. The rights are applied to everybody and everyone regardless of their gender, race, and location where they live or choose to live. Human rights deprivation is strictly against laws, and someone who breaks the law is punished accordingly.
Human rights are based on equality, respect, independence, and dignity. The values are protected and defined by the law of a specific region and sometimes by religion.
Law means the set of rules and regulations which any government of a specific country implements. The
laws are based on different norms, set of values, regional and religious values. Laws are a crucial part of any constitution, and breach of these rules means penalties and punishments.
Think Tanks are always working to provide a better law to bring swift justice to the innocents and victims. The government works on the Ministry of Law’s recommendation and think tanks to improve the laws and bring amendments in the constitution, respectively.
According to Wikipedia:
In its broadest sense, justice is the principle that people receive what they deserve. The interpretation of what then constitutes “deserving” is impacted upon by numerous fields, with many different viewpoints and perspectives. The state will sometimes endeavor to increase justice by operating courts and enforcing their rulings.
Justice is the system that compensates the oppressed and innocent person and punishes the culprit. Every country provides justice based on its set of laws and constitution. Social Justice means bringing justice to people who are deprived of their basic human rights.
Pakistan and Laws:
Pakistan is a sovereign country that is founded on the name of Islam. The strategic importance of Pakistan is quite prominent for this very reason. Unfortunately, the country’s law and justice system are based on old and outdated British laws of the 1880s. Some courts provide justice based on Islamic Shariah and law, but the British constitution of pre -separation rules the majority of the courts.
Pakistan and Human Rights:
The Pakistan constitution provides fundamental rights, including freedom of religion, speech, information, association, assembly, press, and much more. But, most people, especially women, are discriminated against and are deprived of their basic human rights like education.
Here are few aspects of improving human rights in Pakistan:
● Promotion of equality:
Islam has made men and women equal, and it should be implemented by making changes in the constitution and increasing awareness of rights provided by Islam. The laws should address issues like gender discrimination, protect women’s rights, and cater to honor killing, domestic violence, and forced child marriages.
It is a need of time to enact legislation against these heinous crimes and make laws to investigate and prosecute honor killers and acid attacks culprits. It includes revising laws that facilitate the culprits.
● Protect religious minorities:
There is a need to make necessary amendments in the laws where women and children are forced to change religions. Moreover, it is necessary to bring justice to the victims who are burned or killed alive in the name of blasphemy without any proof. Human rights activists and think tanks of the country demand to come with better laws for the rights of minorities.
● Equal employment laws:
Everyone has equal rights on employment and earn for themselves and their family. The quota system
and discrimination based on casts, gender, and hiring after bribing are among the major issues of Pakistan. It needs time to bring a clean and transparent system for hiring and amendments in the quota. The government has strived to make the hiring system better with NTS and other testing institutes. However, still, there are flaws, and it is better to work on recommendations of Think tanks of Islamabad and country and relevant non-profit organizations of Pakistan.
● Accountability of those who are in power:
When accountable people get a pass from laws, the countries suffer a lot from injustice and deprivation of human rights. Accountability of those in power and then giving effective punishments with swift laws are the only solution to the problem. When corrupt people are punished the society automatically starts going toward betterment.
The incumbent government has said that they will bring the corrupt leaders and system to accountability and promised to bring changes in the old system for transparency.
Still, the old laws and accountability systems of NAB and other law departments require change. It is important to bring amendments to constitutions to cope with the problems.
Let's wrap it up:
Many issues of human rights can be solved with corruption-free laws and a swift justice system. Improvement in Pakistan police services and their rules that include eliminating the corrupt elements from the institution and making it free of political influence is one of few solutions.
Swift justice system and transparent laws are the power that can bring changes and provide the residents of a country with their basic human rights. The Ministry of law can work with civil society, intellectuals, and Think Tanks of Pakistan to make recommendations.